PRIGOGINE, ILYA

PRIGOGINE, ILYA (1917–2003), mathematician and Nobel laureate in chemistry. Born in Moscow, Prigogine moved with his family to Belgium at the age of four. His father was a chemist and Prigonine, who had a lifelong interest in music and history, obtained his doctorate in chemistry in 1947 at the Free University of Brussels, whose staff he then joined. However, his broad intellectual interests profoundly influenced the direction of his scientific research. From 1959 to 2003, he was director of the International Solvay Institutes in Brussels and in 1967 he founded Ilya Prigogine Center for Studies in Mathematics and Complex Systems at the University of Texas at Austin, Texas. When he started his life's work, conventional attitudes were based on the Second Law of Thermodynamics, which states that heat can never pass spontaneously from a colder to a hotter body, with the inference that energy transfer is unidirectional and all natural processes are irreversible. Prigigone and his associates used physical chemical experiments and mathematical modeling to understand the basis of stability in chemical reactions and biological systems. He refined the earlier concept of entropy, a measure of disorder in a system, with the theory of dissipation, that is, the regulated fluctuations which promote stability in the face of irreversible change. His theoretical and mathematical formulation of "dissipative structures" created by irreversible processes led to the award of the Nobel Prize in 1977. In his later years Prigogine became increasingly concerned with applying novel thermodynamic principles to the complexities of human biology and even human behavior. A natural extension of his interests was his concern for the potentially disastrous impact of human activities on the environment. (Michael Denman (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Prigogine, Ilya — ▪ 2004       Russian born Belgian physical chemist (b. Jan. 25, 1917, Moscow, Russia d. May 28, 2003, Brussels, Belg.), was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1977 for contributions to the understanding of nonequilibrium thermodynamics. In… …   Universalium

  • Prigogine, Ilya — (1917 2003)    Ilya Prigogine was born in Moscow, Russia, on 25 January 1917. His family settled in Brussels in 1921. He earned a doctorate at the Université libre de Bruxelles, where he joined the faculty in 1947. He became a Belgian citizen in… …   Historical Dictionary of Brussels

  • Prigogine , Ilya — (1917–) Belgian chemist Prigogine was born in Moscow and educated at the Free University of Belgium where he served as professor of chemistry from 1947 to 1987. He was appointed director of the Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics Center of… …   Scientists

  • Prigogine,Ilya — Pri·go·gine (prĭ gôʹzhən, gô zhēnʹ), Ilya. Born 1917. Russian born Belgian chemist. He won a 1977 Nobel Prize for his contributions to nonequilibrium thermodynamics. * * * …   Universalium

  • Prigogine, Ilya — ► (1917 2003) Científico belga. Fue premio Nobel de Química en 1977, por sus trabajos sobre termodinámica …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Prigogine — Ilya …   Scientists

  • Prigogine — Prigogine, Ilya …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ilya Prigogine — Born 25 January 1917(1917 01 25) Moscow, Russia …   Wikipedia

  • Prigogine — Ilya Prigogine (russisch Илья Романович Пригожин / Ilja Romanowitsch Prigoshin, wiss. Transliteration Il ja Romanovič Prigožin; * 25. Januar 1917 in Moskau; † 28. Mai 2003 in Brüssel) war ein russisch belgischer Physikochemiker, Philosoph und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Prigogine — Ilya Prigogine Ilya Prigogine Naissance 25 janvier 1917 Moscou (Russie) Décès 28 mai 2003 (à 86 ans) Bruxelles (Belgique) Nationalité R …   Wikipédia en Français

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